The 101 Most Important Painters of all time

 

Although this list stems from a deep study of the painters, their contribution to painting, and their influence on later artists, we are aware that objectivity does not exist in Art, so we understand that most readers will not agree 100% with this list. In any case, We assures that this list is only intended as a tribute to the painting and the painters that have made of it an unforgettable Art

 

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) €__ Picasso is to Art History a giant earthquake with eternal aftermaths. With the possible exception of Michelangelo (who focused his greatest efforts in sculpture and architecture), no other artist had such ambitions at the time of placing his oeuvre in the history of art. Picasso created the avant-garde. Then Picasso destroyed the avant-garde. He looked back at the masters and surpassed them all. He faced the whole history of art and single-handed redefined the tortuous relationship between work and spectator

 

GIOTTO DI BONDONE (c.1267-1337) €__ It has been said that Giotto was the first real painter, like Adam was the first man. We agree with the first part. Giotto continued the Byzantine style of Cimabue and other predecessors, but he earned the right to be included in gold letters in the history of painting when he added to it a quality unknown to date: the emotion

LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519) €__ For better or for worse, Leonardo will be forever known as the author of the most famous painting of all time, the “Gioconda” or “Mona Lisa”. But he is more, much more. His humanist, almost scientific gaze, entered the art of the quattrocento and revoluted it with his sfumetto that nobody was ever able to imitate

REMBRANDT VAN RIJN (1606-1669) €__ The fascinating use of the light and shadows of his works seem to reflect his own life, moving from fame into oblivion. Rembrandt is the great master of the Dutch painting, and along with Velâ_zquez the main figure of the 17 th century Painting. He is, in addition, the great master of the self-portrait of all times, an artist that had never show mercy at the time of depicting himself

DIEGO VELâZQUEZ (1599-1660) €__ Along with Rembrandt, one of the summits of the Baroque painting. But unlike the Dutch artist, the Sevillan painter spent most of his life in the comfortable, but rigid courtesan society. Nevertheless, Velâ_zquez was an innovator, a “painter of atmospheres” two centuries before Turner and the Impressionists, and it is shown either in the colossal royal paintings (“Meninas”, “The Forge of Vulcan”) or in the small and memorable sketches of the Villa Medici.

 

WASSILY KANDINSKY (1866-1944) €__ Although the title of “father of abstraction” has been assigned to several artists, from Picasso to Turner, few painters could claim it with as much justice as Kandinsky. Many artists have achieved the emotion, but very few have changed the way we understand art. Wassily Kandinsky belongs to the latter

 

CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) €__ The importance of Monet in the history of art is sometimes “forgotten” by the fact that Art lovers tend to see only the overwhelming beauty that emanates from the canvas, ignoring the complex technique and composition of the work ( a “defect” somehow caused by Monet himself, when he declared “I do not understand why people want to understand my paintings, when it is enough to enjoy them). However, Monet’s experiments, including studies on the changes caused by the daylight on an object at different hours of the day, and the almost abstract quality of their “water lilies” are clearly a prologue to the art of the twentieth century.

 

CARAVAGGIO (1571-1610) €__ The tough and violent Caravaggio is considered the father of Baroque painting, with his spectacular use of lights and shadows and “tenebrist” scenes using complex perspectives

 

JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER (1775-1881) €__ Turner is the best landscape painter of the Western painting. Academic painter in his beginnings, Turner was slowly but unstoppably evolving towards a free, atmospheric style, sometimes even outlining the abstraction, which was misunderstood and rejected by critics who had admired him for decades

 

JAN VAN EYCK (1390-1441) €__ Van Eyck is the colossal pillar on which rests the whole Flemish paintings from the later centuries, the genius of accuracy, thoroughness and perspective, well above any other artist of his time either Flemish or Italian.

 

ALBERT Dâ_RER (1471-1528) €__ The real Leonardo da Vinci of the Northern European Rennaisance was Dâårer, a restless and innovative genious, master of the drawing and the color. He is one of the first artists to represent nature without artifice, either in his landscapes or his drawings of plants and animals

 

JACKSON POLLOCK (1912-1956) €__ The major figure of the Abstract Expressionism and the painter who divides the twentieth century between avant-garde and post-avant-gardes. His “drips” from the period 1947-1952 are one of the milestones of contemporary art

 

MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI (1475-1564) €__ Some readers will be quite surprised to see the man who is, along with Picasso, the greatest artistic genius of all time out of the “top ten” of this list, but the fact is that even Michelangelo defined himself as “sculptor”, and even his painted masterpiece (the frescoes in the Sistine Chapel) looks like a painted sculpture. Nevertheless, a masterpiece of this caliber is sufficient to guarantee him a place of honor in the history of painting

 

FRANCISCO DE GOYA (1746-1828) – Goya is an enigma. In the whole History of Art few figures are as complex for the study as the artist born in Fuendetodos, Spain. Enterprising and indefinable, a painter with no rival in all his life, Goya was the painter of the Court and the painter of the people. He was a religious painter and a mystical painter. He was the author of the beauty and eroticism of the Maja desnuda and the creator of the explicit horror of The executions of May 3rd. He was an oil painter, a fresco painter, a sketcher and an engraver. And he never stopped his metamorphosis

 

VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890) €__ Few names in the history of painting are now as famous as Van Gogh, despite the complete neglect he suffered in life. His works, strong and personal, are one of the greatest influences in the painting of the twentieth century, especially in the German Expressionism

 

â_DOUARD MANET (1832-1883) €__ Manet was the origin of Impressionism, a revolutionary in a time of great artistic revolutions. The “Olympia” or “DâŸjeuner sur l’Herbe” opened the way for the great figures of the Impressionism

 

MARK ROTHKO (1903-1970) €__ The influence of Rothko in the history of painting is yet to quantify, because the truth is that almost 40 years after his death the influence of the large masses of color and the emotion of Rothko’s large canvases continues to increase in many painters of the 21st century

 

HENRI MATISSE (1869-1954) €__ Art critics tend to regard Matisse as the greatest exponent of the twentieth century painting, only surpassed by Picasso. This is an exaggeration, although the almost pure use of color in some of his works strongly influenced many of the following avant-gardes

 

RAFAEL (1483-1520) €__ Equally loved and hated in different eras, no one can doubt that Rafael is one of the greatest geniuses of the Renaissance, with an excellent technique in terms of drawing and color

 

JEAN-MICHEL BASQUIAT (1960-1988) – Basquiat is undoubtedly the most important and famous member of the “graffiti movement” that appeared in the New York scene in the early’80s, an artistic movement whose enormous influence in later painting is still to be measured

 

EDVARD MUNCH (1863-1944) €__ Modernist in his context, Munch could be also considered the first expressionist painter in history. Works like “The Scream” are vital to understanding the painting of the twentieth century

 

PIET MONDRIAN (1872 -1944) €__ Along with Kandinsky and Malevich, Mondrian is the leading figure of the first abstract painting. After emigrating to New York, Mondrian filled his abstract paintings with a fascinating emotional quality, as we can se in his series of “boogie-woogies” created in the mid-40s

 

PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA (1416-1492) – Being one of the key figures of quattrocento , the Art of Piero della Francesca has been described like €__cold€_, €__hieratic€_ or even €__impersonal€_. But with the apparition of Berenson and the great historians of his time as Michel HâŸrubel -who defended the €__metaphysical dimension€_ of the paintings by Piero- his precise and contained Art finally occupied the place that it deserves in the Art history

 

PETER PAUL RUBENS (1577-1640) €__ Rubens was one of the most prolific painters of all history, thanks in part to the collaboration of his study. Very famous in life, he traveled around Europe to meet orders from very wealthy and important clients. His female nudes are still amazing in our days

 

ANDY WARHOL (1928-1987) €__ Controversial and brilliant, Warhol is the leading figure of the pop-art and one of the icons of contemporary art. Her silkscreen series depicting icons of the mass-media (as a reinterpretation of Monet’s series) are one of the milestones of contemporary Art, with a huge influence in the Art of our days

 

JOAN MIRâ_ (1893-1983) €__ Like most geniuses, Miro is an unclassificable artist. His interest in the world of the unconscious, those hidden in the depths of the mind, link him with Surrealism, but with a personal style, sometimes closer to Fauvism and Expressionism. His most important works are those from the series of “Constellations”, created in the early 40s

 

TOMASSO MASACCIO (1401-1428) €__ Masaccio is one of the first old masters who used un his works the laws of the scientific perspective. One of the greatest innovative painters of the Early Renaissance

 

MARC CHAGALL (1887-1985) €__ Artist of dreams and fantasies, Chagall was for all his life an immigrant fascinated by the lights and colors of the places he visited. Few names from the School of Paris of the early twentieth century have contributed so much and with such variety to change the twentieth century Art as this man “impressed by the light,” as he defined himself

 

GUSTAVE COURBET (1819-1877) €__ Leading figure of realism, and a clear precedent for the Impressionists, Courbet was one of the greatest revolutionaries, both as an artist and as a social-activist, of the history of painting. Like Rembrandt and other predecessors, Courbet did not seek to create beauty, but believed that beauty was achieved when and artist represented the purest reality without artifice

 

TITIAN (c.1476-1576) €__ After the premature death of Giorgione, Titian became the leading figure of the Venetian painting of his time. His use of color and the taste for mythological themes defined the main features of the Venetian Art of the 16th century. His influence on later artists -Rubens, Velâ_zquez- is extremely important

 

NICOLAS POUSSIN (1594-1665) €__ The greatest among the French Baroque painters, Poussin had a vital influence on French painting for many centuries. His use of color is unique among all the painters of his era

 

WILLEM DE KOONING (1904-1997) €__ After Pollock, the leading figure of abstract expressionism, though one of his greatest contributions was not to feel limited by the abstraction, and often resort to a heartbreaking figurative painting (his series of “Women,” for example) with a major influence on later artists such as Francis Bacon or Lucian Freud

 

PAUL KLEE (1879-1940) €__ In a period of artistic revolutions and innovations, few artists were as crucial as Paul Klee. His studies on color, widely taught at the Bauhaus, are unique among all the artists of his time

 

FRANCIS BACON (1909-1992) – Maximum exponent, along with Lucian Freud, of the so-called “School of London”, Bacon’s paintings rise against all the canons of painting, not only in those terms related to beauty, but also against the dominance of the Abstract Expressionism of its time

 

GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918) €__ Half way between modernism and symbolism appears the figure of Gustav Klimt, who was also devoted to the industrial arts. His nearly abstract landscapes also make him a forerunner of geometric abstraction

 

EUGâ_NE DELACROIX (1798-1863) €__ Eugâne Delacroix is the French romanticism painter par excellence and one of the most important names in the European painting of the first half of the 19 th century. €__Liberty leading the People€_ also demonstrates the capacity of the Painting to become the symbol of an age

 

PAOLO UCCELLO (1397-1475) €__ €__Solitary, eccentric, melancholic and poor€_. Giorgio Vasari described with these four words one of the most audacious geniuses of the early Florentine Renaissance, arguably the first master of the perspective in Western painting

 

WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827) €__ Revolutionary and mystic, painter and poet, Blake is one of the most fascinating artists of any era. Her watercolors, prints and a temperas are filled with a wild imagination (almost crazyness) unique among the artists of his era

 

KAZIMIR MALEVICH (1878-1935) €__ Creator of Suprematism, Malevich will forever be one of the most controversial figures in the history of art among the general public, divided between those who consider him an essential renewal and those who consider that his works based on polygons of pure colors do not deserve be considered Art

 

ANDREA MANTEGNA (1431-1506) €__ One of the greatest exponents of the Quattrocento, interested in the human figure, which he often represented under extreme perspectives ( “The Dead Christ”)

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sumber :http://ome7.blogspot.com/2009/05/101-most-important-painters-of-all-time.html

 

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